Flora in Corbières

Flora in Corbières country

The local flora is rich and varied; the plants mentioned below are the most typical and the most frequent in the region.


Particular flowers

In springtime “garrigues” are dressed with yellow or mauve dwarf irises and with majestic asphodels (see picture opposite), the attentive eye will also discover numerous varieties of wild orchid.

Vines

Several types of vine are found around Montlaur: Shiraz, Carignan, Grenache Noir.

Aromatic plants and trees

Fennel : used in cooking and pharmaceutics.
Lavender.
Rosemary : grows in stone soils, a bee’s delight!
Thyme : once brewed, it is recommended against cold and stomach ache.
Juniper : strong smell, vine grafts were rubbed with it as a rabbit-deterrent.

Trees

Olive trees : Lucques variety olive is the best green olive, only cultivated in the region.
Almond trees
Fig-trees, growing white or black figs.
Strawberry trees.
Aleppo pine whose seeds (“pignons”) are edible.
Cypress trees : evergreen conifers often planted in hedges as a wind barrier.
Evergreen oak trees.
Ash trees.
White poplar trees.
Willow trees in humid areas.
Broom shrubs : spiny and fragrant.

Wild salads

Lamb’s lettuce picked in the vineyards, olive tree farms from January to April.
Hardy lettuce : tasty salad from March to April.
Dandelion : diuretic plant.

Mushrooms/Fungi

The district is not mushroom country, however, the following mushrooms can be found in the pinewoods and forests:
- Field mushroom, found on high meadows and pastures.
- Black poplar mushroom, in tufts on poplar stumps.
- Saffron milk cap, in pinewood, the most popular.
- Parasol mushroom.
- Gray knight cap.
- Common chantarelle.
- Umbel oyster mushroom, parasite of the blue thistle.

NB: Mount Alaric is a natural zone of ecological interest by its biodiversity (listed as a “ZNIEFF”: Zone Naturelle d’Intérêt Ecologique Faunistique et Floristique) which plays an important role in bird conservation (listed as a “ZICO”: Zone Importante pour la Conservation des Oiseaux).

asphodeles

asphodeles


grapes

raisin


lavender

lavande


Olivier

oliviers


genet thorny

genêt épineux